Deuteronomy 5.12–15 – The Sabbath is the seventh day of the week

Moses reminded Israel of the Ten Commandments, which included the commandment for the Israelites to remember the Sabbath day,

“Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day” (Deuteronomy 5.12–15).

The Lord made Himself clear, declaring that the Israelites could work six days, but then they had to rest on the seventh day, and that included every person, and even their animals.

In Exodus 20, the Lord had revealed the reason for this pattern, that He had created the world in six days, then rested the seventh day, and He wanted the nation of Israel to follow that pattern.

Then here in Deuteronomy 5.15, He revealed yet another reason why He wanted them to observe the Sabbath, that He had delivered them out of Egyptian bondage.

This reveals that the Lord intended Sabbath-keeping for the nation of Israel only, because He has not delivered any other nation out of Egypt.

If you desire to observe the Sabbath, that is fine, but do not bind it upon anyone who is not of the nation of Israel.

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20 thoughts on “Deuteronomy 5.12–15 – The Sabbath is the seventh day of the week

  1. I love your blog. I, too, am fascinated by the use of the number “7” in the Bible. I call it “God’s signature.” Leviticus 23 lists “God’s appointed times” or feast days, and of course, there are 7 of them: Sabbath, Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread (which is often combined with Passover), and Pentecost. The last three are in the fall: the Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot). Then there are 7 Sabbaths within the Feast Days. These sabbath are in addition to the regular Sabbaths and don’t necessarily fall on the seventh day of the week. (See Leviticus 23: 24 and

    I am enjoying your posts. You have pointed out many things that I have overlooked. Thank you and blessings.

    • Sheryl, Thank you for your kinds words, and for your insights into the seven Sabbaths that Israel observed during their feasts, that, as you say, were not part of the regular Sabbath.

      Therefore, the next time I post to the site, which will be next week, Lord willing, I am going to include what you pointed out. Thanks.

      • Don, I think I made a mistake regarding God’s Appointed Times. I failed to mention “First Fruits” (when Jesus rose from the dead), which is also listed in Leviticus 23. So the Sabbath is listed first. Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread are combined, then First Fruits, Pentecost, and the three fall feasts. They add up to seven.

        You can also find 7s and multiples of 7 in the natural world. (I heard a sermon on the law of 7s.) For example, the menstrual cycle is 28 days. There’s much more–some of it having to do with gestation.

        Have you read “The Harbinger” or heard “The Harbinger” CDs by Jonathan Cahn? He makes many references to the number 7.

      • Yes! I’ve thought about that. Also, consider the numbers 1 and 3. I heard that if you shine a white light through a prism, the light splits into the 3 primary colors: red, blue, and green.

        The singular white light symbolizes the one God, and the 3 colors symbolize God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy Spirit.

        I haven’t tried this experiment with the white light and the prism. I heard something to that effect while listening to John Paul Jackson, a Christian dream interpreter.

      • It’s about God removing His hedge of protection from America before and after 9/11. Jonathan Cahn is a prominent Messianic Jewish rabbi in NYC. He noticed that Tom Daschl (sp?) and John Edwards quoted a passage from Isaiah in their speeches, taking the verse out of context. The verse is one of condemnation. “The bricks have fallen, but we will rebuild . . . .” (Isaiah 9: 10) The best place to learn about “The Harbinger” is to check out his Web site, http://www.theharbinger-jonathancahn.com/. Scroll down to the video in which Sid Roth, another Jewish believer in Jesus, interviews him.

  2. P.S. He speaks about the number 7 in connection with the Shemita, which occurs every 7th year in Israel on the 29th of the month of Elul on the Hebrew calendar. The U.S. stock market fell to a new low on the Shemita in 2001, and fell to its lowest point on the Shemita in 2008. The 7s he lists are mindboggling.

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